Cyrillic Character Sets in Kermit 95
The Cyrillic character sets known to Kermit 95 are:
Kermit Name Type Description
CYRILLIC-ISO 8-bit ISO 8859-5 Latin/Cyrillic, also called "New KOI8"
KOI8 8-bit USSR Standard GOST 19768-76 ("Old KOI8")
KOI8R 8-bit A new version of KOI used in Russia
KOI8U 8-bit A new version of KOI used in the Ukraine
KOI7 7-bit ASCII with lowercase letters replaced by Cyrillic
CP855 8-bit Cyrillic PC Code Page
BULGARIA-PC 8-bit Cyrillic PC Code Page used in Bulgaria
CP866 8-bit Cyrillic PC Code Page used in former Soviet Union
CP1251 8-bit Cyrillic Code Page for Windows
KOI8 is the character set most widely used in newsgroups and email, but KOI8R
and KOI8U are becoming more popular since the breakup of the Soviet Union.
CP1251 is sometimes seen in newsgroups -- its encoding is partly the same as
ISO Latin/Cyrillic, partly different, plus it includes some graphic characters
in the C1 control area.
ISO Latin/Cyrilic, CP855, and CP1251 include the Cyrillic letters needed for
modern Belorussian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian.
KOI8U includes the characters needed for Ukrainian. The others contain only
the Cyrillic characters used in modern Russian orthography. KOI-7 contains
only uppercase Roman and Cyrillic letters.
This is described fully in Using C-Kermit (both 1st and 2nd
Kermit 95 can be used to display Cyrillic text from the host if you have a
Cyrillic font or code page on your PC, but the conditions under which you may
send Cyrillic letters from your keyboard depend on the specific operating
In Windows 9x and ME, Cyrillic terminal is possible if you have a
Cyrillic code page, CP855, BULGARIA-PC (known in Bulgaria itself, erroneously,
as CP856), or CP866 loaded on your PC. However, it is
not likely that you have one of these code pages, or can have it, unless you
have installed a Cyrillic version of Windows; see the
Kermit 95 Bug List for more
information about this. As noted, BULGARIA-PC and CP866 are sufficient only
for modern Russian; CP855, though not widely used, includes the additional
characters needed for Ukrainian, Belorussion, etc.
The Windows NT family, unlike Windows 9x/NT, supports Unicode in a Console
window. You should be using Lucida Console as your font, in which case you'll
always have Cyrillic terminal emulation available. Lucida Console also has a
wider selection of Cyrillic letters, at least the full repertoire of ISO
8859-5, which, as noted, is sufficient for Bulgarian, Byelorussian,
Macedonian, Serbocroatian, and Ukrainian, as well as Russian, and possibly
also pre-1918 Russian and maybe other, more archaic forms.
Also unlike Windows 9x/ME, Windows NT/2000/XP allows the application t