Bronx New Deal - Photo #46 - Split Rock and Pelham Bay Golf Courses

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46

The Pelham Club House of the Split Rock and Pelham Bay public Golf Courses, Bronx NY, built by the New York City Parks Department using federal Works Progress Administration funding and labor, 1934-1936. The architect was John Matthews Hatton[3]. By the late 20th Century, the building had fallen into an advanced state of disrepair and was restored about 2006 under the direction of architect Page Ayres Cowley[5]. Photo: 14 May 2017.

The NYC Department of Parks opened the first municipal golf course in the USA — Van Cortlandt Golf Course in the Bronx — in 1895[1,4]. Unlike all other golf courses at the time, it was open to the public. The concept was so successful it was followed in 1901 by Pell (later Pelham Bay) Golf Course in the Bronx and Forest Park in Queens, also both public. Then, as the Parks Department website notes[1]:

Under the tenure of Parks Commissioner Robert Moses (1934-60), New York City's recreational facilities saw great changes. With federal funding provided by the Works Progress Administration, Moses created a variety of new public facilities and expanded others throughout the city. Between 1935 and 1940, Parks redesigned the ent