Central Park New Deal Sites - Photo #3


Photo: Wikimedia Commons. The Columbus Monument at the south west (main) entrance to Central Park at 59th Street and Central Park West (and Broadway), created by Italian sculptor Gaetano Russo and dedicated in 1892. By the 1930s it was severely stained by soot, its base was cracked by vibration, and natural veins in the sculpture itself were opened by vibration and weathering. It was cleaned and restored by the New Deal Monument Restoration Project under Karl Gruppe. And by 2011, when this photo was taken, it was badly in need of another restoration!


  1. Maine Monument, New York City Parks website.
  2. Parks Monuments Conservation Crew Vintage Film, c.1934 to 1937, NYC Parks Department archive. Video segment 31:37-32:53. “With support from the Federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) this film was taken in the 1930s by Karl Gruppe (1893-1982), chief sculptor of the Monument Restoration Project of the New York City Parks Department, from 1934 to 1937....“
  3. New York City Parks Department press release of April 11, 1937: “Mr. Gruppe has been in charge of the monument restoration projects of the Park Department since early 1934 and has superintended the rehabilitation of many of the City's monuments since that time, notable among these projects have been the Maine Memorial and the Columbus Monument at Columbus Circle...”
  4. Lowrey, Carol,