Henry Hudson Parkway
, where it begins at 72nd Street on Manhattan's
west side, July 23, 2015.
In tracking down New Deal projects in New York City, the chief obstacle is
that Parks Commissioner Robert Moses, who was in charge of most of them, was
often disinclined to give credit to FDR and the federal government for
anything, and frequently failed to mention where the money or the workers
for any given project really came from, or disguised New Deal
funding through complicated schemes involving bond issues that make it look
like his projects were funded by "investors" and "the market" when in
reality the bonds were often sold to New Deal agencies such the PWA or the
RFC since, after all, this was the Depression and "investors" didn't have
The Henry Hudson Parkway runs along the Hudson River from West 72nd Street
to the Bronx-Westchester border and includes the Henry Hudson Bridge that
connects Manhattan with the Bronx. The Parkway was part and parcel of the
West Side Improvement project of 1934-37; the Parkway and the Park were
financed and built together, as noted here. In
brief, about 62% of the West Side Improvement funding was federal, 34% state
and city, and only 4% private, and Moses had tens of thousands of work-relief
laborers on hand for construction.
- Caro, Robert A., The Power Broker - Robert Moses and the Fall of New
York, Vintage Books (1974), pp.526-540.
- NYC Parks Dept press release
of October 3, 1937: “The Department of Parks announces that on
Tuesday, October 12th, the 6.7 miles of parkway now under construction in
Riverside and Fort Washington Parks in connection with the West Side
Improvement will be officially opened to the public, thereby adding another
vital link in a great arterial express highway and parkway system for the
City of New York.”
AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD HENRY HUDSON PARKWAY HAER No. NY-334, New
York Metropolitan Transportation Council (2006).
- New Deal Assistance in
NYC Parks Department Projects, 1934-43.